Search

Occasional Topics
OTjapan Measures for Tsunami Striking Nuclear Power Station in Japan
Special Article: The Great Tohoku Earthquake (1)
OTjapan The Tragedy of “To Be” Principle in the Japanese Nuclear Industry
EJAMOT_CN3_Figure1_The_outside_view_of_CEFR OTChinaPlanning and Consideration on SFR R&D Activities in China
< All Occasional Topics

Information
ICMST-Kobe 2014
Nov 2(Sun) - 5(Wed), 2014
Kobe, Japan
Nuclear Regulation Authority Outline of the New Safety Standards for Light Water Reactors for Electric Power Generation
For Public Comment
Outline of New Safety Standard (Design Basis)
For Public Comment
New Safety Standards (SA) Outline (Draft)
For Public Comment
Outline of New Safety Standard(Earthquake and Tsunami)(DRAFT)
Issues
  Vol.5 No.4(Feb-25)
Vol.5 No.3(Nov-25)
Vol.5 No.2(Aug-26)
Vol.5 No.1(May-27)
< Other Issues

Featured Articles
EJAM5-3NT58 "Development of Future Prediction of Animation by coupling of Principle Component Analysis and Singular Spectrum Analysis"
EJAM5-3NT58 Validation of Multifrequency and Window-Multifrequency Techniques using Remote Field Eddy Currents for ISI of FBR Tubes
EJAM5-3NT59 Remote Controlled Robot with expandable features

JSM
Contacts
(EJAM): ejam@jsm.or.jp
(JSM): secretariat@jsm.or.jp
HP: http://www.jsm.or.jp
(in English)

 
Vol.2 No.2 previous GA 14 - AA 19 - 20 - SP3 ( 21 - 22 - 23 - 24 ) - NT 26 - 27 - 28 next Vol.2 No.4
Academic Articles
Regular Paper (Invited) Vol.2 (2010) p.135 - p.148
 

An activity theory-based approach for industrial trouble analysis and its application to similarity evaluation beyond the superficial resemblance

 
Hiroshi NARAZAKI1, Takashi FUKUSHIMA1 and Tetsuo SAWARAGI2
 
1 Production Systems laboratory, Kobe Steel, Ltd., 5-5 Takatsukadai 1-chome, Nishi-ku, Kobe, 651-2271 Japan
2 Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and Science, Graduate School of Kyoto University, Yoshida Honmachi, Sakyo, Kyoto, 606-8501 Japan
 
Abstract
Many industrial organizations are interested in using the past failure experiences for the educational purposes for the prevention of future troubles and accidents as well as the improvement of the quality of their products and services. The education often employs the style of drawing lessons from similar experiences in the past, and, concerning the similarity, it is important to look at the background causes and tacit factors such as the organizational culture and value systems rather than the superficial phenomena such as wrong operations. However, the analysis of such background factors tends to depend on human subjective judgments and personal impressions. Aware of such problem, this paper discusses an approach to establish a framework to give the guideline for the analysis. Referring to Y. Engestroem’s activity theory, our framework describes a dynamical process where a small seed of a problem propagates and grows to an explicit problem such as a trouble or an accident. The analysis is a process of interpreting the facts in terms of the activity structure, and this enables the generalization and similarity evaluation of an individual case in terms of the activity structure, beyond the superficial and domain-specific descriptions. Using a example of a quality defect trouble in a manufacturing process, we explain our approach and shows how an accident in a different domain can be drawn as a similar case by looking at the inner activity structure.
 
Keywords
failure analysis, trouble database, accident database, activity theory, Similarity evaluation, knowledge management
 
Full Paper: PDF EJAM Vol.2 pp.135-148 "An activity theory-based approach for industrial trouble analysis and its application to similarity evaluation beyond the superficial resemblance"
Article Information
Article history:
Received 1 October 2010
Accepted 22 November 2010