Search

Occasional Topics
OTjapan Measures for Tsunami Striking Nuclear Power Station in Japan
Special Article: The Great Tohoku Earthquake (1)
OTjapan The Tragedy of “To Be” Principle in the Japanese Nuclear Industry
EJAMOT_CN3_Figure1_The_outside_view_of_CEFR OTChinaPlanning and Consideration on SFR R&D Activities in China
< All Occasional Topics

Information
ICMST-Kobe 2014
Nov 2(Sun) - 5(Wed), 2014
Kobe, Japan
Nuclear Regulation Authority Outline of the New Safety Standards for Light Water Reactors for Electric Power Generation
For Public Comment
Outline of New Safety Standard (Design Basis)
For Public Comment
New Safety Standards (SA) Outline (Draft)
For Public Comment
Outline of New Safety Standard(Earthquake and Tsunami)(DRAFT)
Issues
  Vol.5 No.4(Feb-25)
Vol.5 No.3(Nov-25)
Vol.5 No.2(Aug-26)
Vol.5 No.1(May-27)
< Other Issues

Featured Articles
EJAM5-3NT58 "Development of Future Prediction of Animation by coupling of Principle Component Analysis and Singular Spectrum Analysis"
EJAM5-3NT58 Validation of Multifrequency and Window-Multifrequency Techniques using Remote Field Eddy Currents for ISI of FBR Tubes
EJAM5-3NT59 Remote Controlled Robot with expandable features

JSM
Contacts
(EJAM): ejam@jsm.or.jp
(JSM): secretariat@jsm.or.jp
HP: http://www.jsm.or.jp
(in English)

 
GA 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - AP 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - NT 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6Vol.1No.2
Vol.1, No.1, NT1 EJAM(1-1-NT1) - Simulation Technique for UT Wave Propagation as an Effective Tool for Predicting the Inspection Results and Interpreting the Root Cause of Unexpected Indications

Simulation Technique for UT Wave Propagation as an Effective Tool for Predicting the Inspection Results and Interpreting the Root Cause of Unexpected Indications

 
Ichiro KOMURA 1 and Takashi FURUKAWA 2
1Nondestructive Evaluation Center
2Japan Power Engineering and Inspection Corporation
 

KEYWORDS:
UT inspection, Wave propagation, 2D & 3D modeling, FEM analysis code, Prediction of inspection results, Training tool

 
1. Technical summary
 
Classification
(I: Inspection, II: Repair, III: Replacement, IV: Preventive Maintenance, V: Others)
 
  • Technical field : NDE technique
  • In case of UT inspection on structural component, especially on weld and complicated geometry, the miss calling/false calling of indication and the deterioration of depth sizing performance has occurred.
  • In order to improve these phenomena, large scale FEM modeling technique for simulating the ultrasonic wave propagation has been developed and used to predict the results of UT inspection which has affected by the attenuation/dispersion/distortion of wave and the change of wave propagating direction and path, etc..

figure1

Fig. 1 Factors which affect to the UT wave propagation(1),(2)

 
2. Scope
  • Two dimensional modeling (example : plate inspection)
  • Three dimensional modeling like a circumferential inspection on dissimilar metal weld and a J-weld of penetration tube
  • Homogeneous materials and inhomogeneous/anisotropic materials of a weld or buttering
  • Calculation of wave propagation behavior
    → Wave propagation movie
    → Detected waveform(A-scope)
    → B-scope imaging by mechanical probe scanning and phased array beam scanning

Figure2

Figure3

Fig. 2 Wave propagation behavior of the plate inside inspection

Fig. 3 3D modeling of DMW with weld and buttering

   
3. Features
  • Prediction of UT inspection results, position and amplitude of indication in A-scope described in the figure as an example of depth evaluation by mode conversion method
  • Optimization of UT inspection condition or parameters, such as the time delay setting for phased array inspection
  • Analysis of root cause of unexpected inspection results, such as miss calling/false calling and deterioration of depth sizing performance
  • Education and training of inspection personnel
  • Scientific and technical research for ultrasonic and elastic wave propagation

Figure4

Figure5

Fig.4 Mode converted wave in the case of shallow crack(3)

Fig.5 Mode converted wave in the case of deep crack(3)

 
4. Examples of Application
  • Mockup experiment on the nozzle safe end dissimilar metal weld were carried out prior to the plant ISI using longitudinal wave probe and automatic inspection system.
  • Many indications were detected in the no flaw test block.
  • As the result of simulation analysis, same B-scope image are obtained.
  • The root causes of many indications were made clear by the detailed observation of wave propagation movie.
  • These results and technique have been used practically in the actual ISI of nuclear power plants.

Figure6

Figure7

Fig. 6 B-scope image of inspection result on realistic test block(4)

Fig. 7 B-scope image obtained by wave propagation simulation(4)

Figure8

Fig. 8 Example for root cause investigation of indications(4)

 
5. Reference
  1. I. Komura, Y. Ikegami, H. Nakamura, M. Igeta, Numerical Analysis of Elastic Wave Propagation in Simulation of Ultrasonic Examination, Proceedings of 1st International Conference on NDE in Relation to Structural Integrity for Nuclear and Pressurized Components, JRC, Amsterdam, October 20-22, 1998, pp.967-972.
  2. I. Komura, H. Nakamura, H. Miharada, N. Uesugi, Development of High Resolution and Large Scale FEM Analysis Code for The Simulation of UT Examination on Stainless Steel Weldment, Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on NDE in Relation to Structural Integrity for Nuclear and Pressurized Components, JRC, New Orleans, May 24-26, 2000, B221-B231.
  3. T. Furukawa, I. Komura, Evaluation for Crack Depth Sizing Capabilities of Improved UT Techniques by Numerical Simulation of Wave Propagation, Proceedings of 30th MPA-Seminar in conjunction with the 9th German-Japanese Seminar, MPA, Stuttgart, October 6-7, 2004, pp.51.1-51.13
  4. I. Komura, T. Furukawa, T. Kamada, Y. Minami, Evaluation of UT simulation Software and Examples of It's Application, Proceedings of 4th Annual Meeting, JSM, Fukui, 2007, pp.245-248 (written in Japanese)
  5. I. Komura, T. Furukawa, Recent Progress of UT Inspection Technique on Piping Weld and the Role of Wave Propagation Modeling, Proceedings of the International Symposium on Research for Aging Management of Light Water Reactors, Oct, 22-23, 2007, Fukui City, JAPAN, pp.429-439
 
6. Contact
Japan Society of Maintenology (ejam@jsm.or.jp)